The Coral Triangle
The Coral Triangle is a marine area located in the western Pacific Ocean. It stretches from Indonesia and Malaysia in the west to the Philippines in the north, and Papua New Guinea, Timor Leste, the Solomon Islands and Fiji in the east. Its name comes from the staggering number of corals found in the area: nearly 600 different species of reef-building corals alone.
The region is home to:
– Six of the world’s seven marine turtle species
– And more than 2000 species of reef fish.
– Over 120 million people live in the Coral Triangle and rely on its coral reefs for food, income and protection from storms.
– The Coral Triangle has more coral reef fish diversity than anywhere else in the world:
37% of the world’s coral reef fish species (6,000), and 56% of the coral reef fishes in the Indo-Pacific region (4,050).
Fiji lies at the eastern extremity of the triangle and with a population of under one million, is a less populated area. The reefs are an integral part of life there.